Official name: United Republic of Tanzania. Name was
formed following independence (1961) to designate the union of Tanganyika
and Zanzibar on April 26, 1964.
Area: 945,087 km ²
Population: 36,766,356 inhabitants (2005)
Ethnic groups: African Continent - native 99% ( Bantu are 95% with more
than 130 tribes), the other 1% Asian, European and Arabic; Zanzibar-Arabic,
Arabic mixed African and native
Capital: Dodoma (official), 203,833 inhabitants.; Dar es Salaam (administrative),
1,360,850 inhabitants (1988) The National Independence Day: of Tanzania
is (December 9)
Language: Swahili and English (official). Numerous and local languages.
Currency: Tanzanian Shilling (TZS). Accepted USD in cash and travelers
Religion: 45% Christian, 35% Muslim, 20% indigenous beliefs
Political system: multiparty system
Time: GMT +03:00 hours
Electricity: 240 V
Weights and Measures: Metric system ( Kilogram - Kg )
History and background: Tanzania was colonized by Germany
in the 1880s and came under British control after the First World War.
Little is known about the former inhabitants of the region, except for
the people of the Masai warriors. The United Republic of Tanzania was
formed officially in 1964. In 1995, the country held its first multiparty
elections, and the leaders have focused on economic reforms such as
financial aid and the forgiveness of foreign debt.
Tanzania broadly has two very different climatic zones,
inside high plateaus with a tropical climate and temperate coastal plain
with a humid equatorial climate.
- Dry season: from May to October, and the hottest months are December
- Station rains: the big rainy season is from March to early May. The
small rainy season runs from early November until mid-December.
As a reach
From Europe: There are several options to fly via a European
capital, with British Airways, KLM and Swissair to Dar Es Salaam, KLM
also flies to the Kilimanjaro International Airport.
From Kenya: There are several weekly flights linking the two countries.
On land there are several points to cross the border but the most usual
is Namanga since many tourists arrive at the international airport in
Nairobi and from there by road are directed to Tanzania.
From Uganda, with the most common is cross MutuKula.
The borders with Rwanda and Burundi you have to cross to Uganda, Kenya
then Connect to Tanzania.
In addition to a passport valid for at least 6 months, you need a visa
which can be processed at the airport of arrival in the country, and
land border crossings in New visa fees applied by the authorities for
ordinary visas, transit business and multiple visas for stays of less
than 6 months is $ 50.
The vaccine against yellow fever is mandatory. Do not
forget to bring the international certificate of vaccination. Vaccines
not mandatory but recommended: typhoid, hepatitis A, hepatitis B, DTP
(Difteria- tetanus-polio). Indispensable preventive treatment against
For more information consult the services of Foreign Health of each
When to go
The more usual tourist season becomes effective from
January and February, as the hot and dry weather is at that time of
year and is considered the most pleasurable. But to visit the Serengeti
National Park at its best time, it is advisable to avoid the period
of drought, when literally all wildlife is going on holiday to Kenya.
You must be prepared to deal with heavy rain, as many roads, especially
in the South Coast may be too muddy for circulation.
The biggest event of the year in Tanzania is carried out in the Serengeti
National Park, near the border with Kenya, where herds of wildbeest
moving towards greener pastures of the neighboring country. More than
two million of these animals begin their journey every April through
the southern plains of Serengeti, accompanied by zebras, antelopes,
gazelles and lions.